An anal fissure is defined as a tear in the lining of the anus, especially the place of defecation. The rupture usually extends into a circular ring of muscle called the internal anal sphincter. Anal fissures are acute when they last less than six weeks and become chronic when they last more than six weeks.
A person who has an Anal Fissures will initially experience bleeding, tearing, or burning after a bowel movement. If fissures develop, these symptoms occur regularly after each bowel movement, and rectal pain can last from a few minutes to an hour. If the fissure becomes chronic, the bleeding stops but the pain persists. Itching and irritation of the skin around the anus is also a common symptom of anal fissure.
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o Fiber therapy is a type of anal fissure treatment that prevents overstretching of the anus. This can be achieved by increasing the fiber in the diet, resulting in softening and clumping of the stool.
o An additional form of treatment is a sedative bath. Soak the anal area in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes, twice or three times per day, to achieve this.
o Topical nitroglycerin is a treatment for anal fissures in which an ointment is applied around the anus two to three times a day; Both before and after defecation.
Treatment for anal fissures also includes botulinum toxin, nifedipine, diltiazem, and surgery. However, it is best to consult your doctor.