Christchurch is the city in the province of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand which is often referred to as the most English city outside of England. Additionally it is often called the Garden City because it features numerous magnificent gardens. The city area contains a population of just below 400 000, making it the second largest city in New Zealand after its rival, Auckland. The Avon River passes through the centre of the city with a lot of parks found along its banks with Hagley Park being a central feature of Christchurch. In the middle of Christchurch is Cathedral Square with the landmark Anglican cathedral which happens to be presently being refurbished because of earthquake damages.
The farming and agricultural market is the economic core of Christchurch and the bulk of the original business there was established to service this. Tourism has become another substantial element for the local economy, with the city selling themselves being a gateway to the South Island with its breathtaking landscapes, skiing and also adventure tourism. Christchurch is also the hub to the Antarctic, with the city having a long reputation of involvement in Antarctic exploration. There is an International Antarctic Centre that gives both base facilities along with a museum with a visitors center. The US Navy uses Christchurch Airport as being the hub stage for the major supply option to its McMurdo and also Scott Bases that are in Antarctica.
You can find some research that people first settled in the Christchurch area in around 1250. Settlement became popular at the start of 1840 following the purchasing of land in what has become Riccarton by the Weller brothers along with a number of European settlers encouraged by Herriott and McGillivray established themselves in what is now Christchurch, at the start of 1840. The Canterbury Association organised The First Four Ships to bring 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The ships were called were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane turned up initially upon 16 December 1850. These Canterbury Pilgrims wished to create a city around a cathedral in line with the framework of Christ Church in Oxford, hence the name of Christchurch.
Numerous important events have shaped Christchurch. In 1947, a fire occurred at Ballantyne's Department Store within the central city with 41 individuals being killed in a blaze which burnt down the collection of properties. It is still New Zealand's worst fire disaster. In between September 2010 and January 2012 Christchurch was affected by a lot of significant earthquakes with the worst being on Tuesday 22 February 2011 with 185 individuals were killed and a large number of buildings falling apart or suffering serious damages. Following the disaster in excess of 1500 buildings in the city had been taken down, bringing about a still ongoing recovery and restoring challenge. The city did experience some immediate growth following the earthquakes. On 15 March 2019, 51 individuals were killed in the course of 2 terrorist episodes Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist who come in from from Australia. These terrorist violence ended up referred to by the Prime Minister of NZ, Jacinda Ardern as being "One of New Zealand's darkest days".